This is a conditional cash transfer initiative launched by the Ministry of Social Solidarity as a national social safety-net mechanism to protect the poor through income support. The program is one of Egypt's largest human capital development investments supporting millions of Egyptian families with monthly cash transfers.

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This program has been a mainstay in the GoE social safety net infrastructure assisting millions of Egyptians. The food subsidy system includes two main subsystems: a ration card (RC) which offer RC holders specific quotas of subsidized commodities (sugar, oil, rice, and tea) and subsidized Balady Bread (BB), which is distributed through market outlets.

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